Fetal Exencephaly Arising as a Result of Preimplantation Exposure to Ammonium Chloride
Supat Sinawat, M.D., m.Sc.*
Objectives : To investigate the effect of preimplantation exposure to 0.6 mM ammonium chloride on both preimplantation and postimplantation development of (F1 x F1) strain mouse embryos.
Method : Two-cell stage mouse embryos were randomly allocated to culture in either M16 medium or M16 added with 0.6 mM ammonium chloride for 2 days before being transferred to 2.5 day pseudopregnant recipients. Embryo morphology was assessed after 1 and 2 days of culture. The recipient females were sacrificed on day 15.5 of gestation. The number of implantation sites, fetuses, moles and any gross abnormalities found were noted.
Results : There was no significant difference in the number of embryos reaching morula stage after two days of culture between the two groups (X2=0.86, P>0.05). Implantation and pregnancy loss rates between the two groups were within comparable ranges. Crown-rump length was significantly higher in the group of embryos exposed to ammonium chloride (t=2.46, P